44 Sorts Of Beans: High Varieties To Develop At Dwelling

The common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, contains over 400 types of beans and who knows how many cultivars. With so many different types of beans, it’s difficult to know where to begin! Especially if you’re tight on space in the garden, then it may be a hard task to narrow down which will perform best in your area and which will provide you with the harvest you’re looking for. 

It’s important to consider how you want to use your beans. The two main categories are beans for fresh eating and beans for drying and long-term storage. Most beans can be eaten fresh, though some beans are considered dual-purpose and fall into both categories. They have a primary use of either fresh or dried beans.

Beans come in many different shapes and sizes, such as wax beans, broad beans, butter beans, pole beans, runner beans, yardlong beans, and bush beans. For brevity’s sake, we’ll discuss what you would generally sell as a bean in the grocery store instead of including lentils, cocoa beans, and green peas – which are all considered legumes like beans! 

So what makes beans so widely available, popular, and grown around the world? Well, the combination of beans and rice dishes makes a delicious meal and a complete protein. They are also known to help lower cholesterol and blood sugar. 

Cooked beans can be found in Middle Eastern dishes. Canned chickpeas or garbanzo beans are the main ingredients in hummus. They can also be found in Italy in pasta dishes and minestrone soup. In Latin America, refried beans and a multitude of other bean dishes are staples. 

In the United States, baked beans are a popular southern side, as well as bean salads. Not only are they found in savory dishes but also in desserts in Japan, China, and Hawaii, where many dishes feature sweetened adzuki bean paste. Soybeans can also be turned into a dairy substitute known as soy milk. And we can’t forget to mention the ever-popular mung bean soup!  

The benefits of growing your own beans are pretty much countless, but a major pro is the fact that common beans are easily stored. String beans are delicious when eaten raw but can also be turned into canned beans or frozen. So many beans are suitable for drying, giving you multiple years of storage life. Dried beans can be soaked and cooked in soups and stews quite easily. 

Fresh Eating

Green beans and string beans are the most common beans for fresh eating. Some fava beans and mung beans are also excellent for fresh eating. Many green beans rarely make it into the house because they’re so delicious right off the plant! They’re perfect for steaming, sauteeing, canning, and freezing. 

Blue Lake 274

Blue Lake 274 beans are a classic variety known for their tender and meaty texture.

With exceptional flavor and tenderness, this green bean is excellent for fresh eating as well as freezing for longer-term storage. Snag some Blue Lake 274 Bush Bean seeds from Botanical Interests!


Close-up of mature harvested Contender bean pods on the table. The pods are dense, long, narrow, bright green.Contender beans are bush beans that are easy to grow and produce a high yield.

This green bean is considered an early producer providing fresh beans in only 50 days! Contender Bush Bean seeds produce beans with delicious, intense flavor and are easy to grow. 


Close-up of a bunch of mature Ferrari bean pods. The pods are long, blue-green in color, with a slightly rough texture, containing edible seeds inside.Ferrari beans are gourmet French beans with a creamy texture and delicate flavor.

The Ferrari Bush Bean produces tender, crisp, and delicious fuzz-free pods that are glossy and smooth to the touch. This variety is a heavy producer. 

French Filet

Close-up of a bunch of French Filet bean pods on a dark wooden surface. The pods are thin, long, slightly plump, bright green.French Filet beans are slender and tender, perfect for snacking and cooking.

You can expect delicate flavor from French Filet Bush Bean seeds, even when the pods are picked young. These gourmet beans are perfect when they are steamed or sauteed. 

Gold Rush

Close-up of ripening Gold Rush bean pods in the garden amid large, heart-shaped dark green foliage. The pods are long, thin, with a pale yellow skin.Gold Rush beans are a popular yellow wax bean with a buttery flavor and crisp texture.

The Gold Rush Bush Bean variety produces large crops of golden pods known for holding their tender texture and delicate flavor longer than other snap beans. 


Close-up of many Jade bean pods in a large bowl, indoors. Bean pods are small, elongated-cylindrical in shape, with a slightly curved body of bright green color.Jade beans are a type of green bean that is easy to grow and has a crunchy texture.

Dark green, just like polished gemstone, the pods of Jade Bush Beans are sweet and tender. Plants are super productive. Perfect fresh from the garden. 


Close-up of growing pods of Provider beans in the garden. The shrub has medium sized heart-shaped green leaves and long green pods with a tough green outer shell. Yellow marigold blooms against a blurred background.Provider bean is a bush bean that is a reliable and heavy producer of tender and flavorful beans.

As its name would suggest, this plant provides a large harvest! Provider Bush Bean plants are upright and compact. They are also bushy plants that are easy to harvest. 

Roma II

Close-up of a bunch of ripe Roma II bean pods on a wooden table. The pods are long, flat, narrow, have a rough texture and are pale green in color.Roma II beans are Italian-style beans that are meaty and great for canning and freezing.

A classic Italian Romano bean on easy-to-pick bushy plants, the beautiful flat green pods of Roma II Bush Beans are filled with tons of flavor! 

Royal Burgundy

Close-up of many ripe pods of Royal Burgundy beans. The pods are oblong cylindrical, slightly curved, deep purple in color.Royal Burgundy bean is a purple bush bean with a sweet flavor that turns green when cooked.

Bright violet-purple pods magically turn emerald green after cooking! The Royal Burgundy Bush Bean variety is also very tender and stringless. 


Close-up of Tavera beans collected in a small bag on a wooden table. The pods are long, cylindrical, straight, rich green in color with a smooth texture.Tavera beans are a gourmet French bean with a tender texture and nutty flavor.

Similar to the French Filet, this variety was produced specifically for the French restaurant trade. The Tavera Filet Bush Bean grows exquisitely tender and stringless beans. 


Close-up of growing Windsor bean bushes in a sunny garden. The bushes are low, upright, have oval pale green leaves with pointed ends and green pods, slightly curved, with a round cross section.Windsor beans are a type of broad bean with a nutty flavor and meaty texture.

These Fava beans have a delectable nutty bean/pea flavor. Windsor Fava Beans are an 1863 heirloom broad bean that is easy to shell and is delicious raw or cooked. It can also be dried for long-term storage and makes an excellent cover crop! 

Blue Lake FM-1K

Close-up of a pile of Blue Lake FM-1K bean pods on a gray wooden surface. The pods are long, plump, thin, covered with a strong green shell that protects the seeds inside.Blue Lake FM-1K beans are a popular green bean variety that is resistant to certain diseases.

This is a longtime favorite pole bean variety. Blue Lake FM-1K Pole Beans are heavy producers that will ensure plenty of beans for freezing and canning. 

Kentucky Wonder

A close-up of a Kentucky Wonder bean bush with ripening pods. The bush has large, wide, heart-shaped leaves of dark green color with a slightly wrinkled structure. The pods are elongated, thin, light green in color.Kentucky Wonder beans are a classic pole bean with a rich flavor and hearty texture.

You can expect excellent flavor, tender pods, and heavy production from Kentucky Wonder Pole Bean Seeds. This variety has been around since the late 19th century and has been a favorite ever since! 

Trionfo Violetto

Close-up of a male hand plucking ripe Trionfo Violetto bean pods from a bush, in a garden. The pods are elongated and cylindrical, with purple-glossy skins.Trionfo Violetto beans are an Italian heirloom bean that is purple and has a creamy texture.

This Italian variety produces slim purple pods that are not only gorgeous on your plate but in the garden as well! Grow Trionfo Violetto Pole Beans in 65-75 days for fresh eating. 


Close-up of a Seychelles bean bush in a sunny garden. The bush weaves its vines along vertical wooden supports. The leaves are large, dark green, heart-shaped, with damaged tips. The pods are green, oblong, narrow, with oval seeds inside.Seychelles beans are a type of lima bean that is known for its tender texture and buttery flavor.

Deep green stringless pods come early (within 55-65 days!) and continue producing up until the first frost. The Seychelles Pole Bean variety is also disease resistant. 

Orient Wonder

Close-up of an Orient Wonder bean bush in the garden. The bush is tall, lush, has large oval leaves of dark green color and very long and narrow pods of pale green color.Orient Wonder beans are an Asian pole bean that is crisp and tender.

This is a pole yardlong variety that produces 18-inch long pods! They can be cut up and used fresh like any snap bean. Orient Wonder Pole Yard Long Beans are particularly heat tolerant, which makes them great for Southern gardens. 

Gold Mine

Close-up of a bunch of harvested Gold Mine bean pods in a large wooden box, in a sunny garden. The pods are long, cylindrical, with a pale yellow shell.Gold Mine beans are a yellow wax bean that is easy to grow.

High-yielding ultra sweet yellow beans produced in large clusters for easy picking. This bush variety is container friendly. 

Purple Queen

Close-up of a bunch of harvested Purple Queen bean pods on a white background. The pods are oblong, narrow, plump, slightly curved, covered with a dense purple and slightly rough shell.Purple Queen beans are a purple snap bean that is sweet and tender.

This heirloom variety produces beautiful purple beans that turn green after cooking. Another bush variety that is well suited to small spaces and container gardening. 

Early Bush Italian

Close-up of a pile of Early Bush Italian beans emptied out of a large wicker basket, indoors. The pods are long, flat, velvety green in color with raised marks from the oval seeds inside.This is a bush bean that is great for Italian dishes and has a meaty texture.

Early producing (within 50 days) Italian heirloom that produces stringless pods. Perfect for fresh eating, freezing, or canning. 


Top view, close-up of bean pods on a round wooden stand, next to another tied bunch of beans on burlap. The pods are long, slightly plump, narrow, curved, with a pale green shell.Desperado beans are a green bush bean that is resistant to many diseases.

Super sweet dark green pods. Thanks to slow-to-develop seeds, the beans have more time to produce sugars and flavonoids. 


Close-up of many ripe mascotte bean pods. The pods are elongated-cylindrical, straight, with a smooth green shell.Mascotte beans are dwarf French beans that are ideal for small gardens and containers.

An All-American Selections winner, this variety produces 5” round, extra fine, stringless pods. This productive 20” dwarf plant is perfect for window boxes, pots, patios, and the small space garden. 

Fordhook No. 242

Close-up of the ripening pods of a Fordhook no. 242 in the garden. The pods are small, light green, smooth and straight, up to 6-8 inches long.Fordhook No. 242 beans are a type of lima bean that is large and meaty with a buttery flavor.

These lima beans, also referred to as butterbeans, are heat-resistant and thrive in adverse conditions. 

White Half Runner

A close-up of harvested White Half Runner bean pods in a beautiful wicker basket with a sign with the name of the bean variety on the counter. The pods are slightly elongated, narrow, straight, pale green in color.White Half Runner beans are a white snap bean that is tender, sweet, and versatile.

This runner bean is an heirloom classic that produces small 4” green pods with white beans with a delicious, sweet flavor. 


Close-up of many pods of ripe Fortex beans under sunlight. The pods are long, narrow, cylindrical, glossy green.Fortex beans are a gourmet French bean that is long and slender with a crisp texture.

Stringless French variety that is mildly sweet, meaty, and savory. They are best picked between 6”-11” long. 

Yardlong Asparagus Bean

Close-up of a Yardlong Asparagus Bean bush in the garden. The bush is lush, vertical, has large wide dark green lobed leaves with smooth edges. The pods are long, narrow, pale green in color with oval seeds inside.Yardlong Asparagus beans are a type of Asian bean that is long and slender with a nutty flavor.

This heirloom variety produces 18” long slender pods that are delicious steamed or sauteed. They also have no serious pest or disease issues. 

King of The Garden

A close-up of a bush of ripening King of The Garden beans. Beans have medium, green and slightly curved pods. The pods have a round cross-section and contain 3-6 white or cream-colored seeds.King of The Garden beans are a pole bean that is meaty and has a rich flavor.

These lima beans (or butter beans) thrive in heat and humidity with very little pest and disease issues. This is a super productive climbing pole variety. 

Dragon’s Tongue

Close-up of a bunch of ripe Dragon's Tongue bean pods on burlap. Pods are elongated, narrow, slightly curved, have a strong yellowish shell with abundant purple marks and stripes.Dragon’s Tongue beans are a yellow and purple snap bean that is sweet and tender.

This Dutch wax bean produces cream-colored pods with vivid purple mottling that fades when the beans are cooked. Pods are stringless and wide. This bush variety is great for those looking to save space. 

Rattlesnake Snap

Close-up of a bunch of ripe Rattlesnake Snap beans in a metal bowl on a white wooden table with large dark green bean leaves. Pods are long, cylindrical, curved, green in color with purple markings.Rattlesnake Snap beans are a green and purple pole bean that is tender and flavorful.

Also known as Preacher bean, this variety produces dark green pods streaked with purple. The seeds are light in color and splashed with dark brown, resembling a Rattlesnake’s coloration. This pole variety grows vigorously and can reach up to 10 feet! Good resistance to drought. 

Winged Bean

Close-up of a Winged Bean bush in the garden. Winged Bean is a tropical vine that produces long, thin and slightly curved green colored pods that have four distinct longitudinal ridges or Winged beans are a tropical bean that is winged and has a nutty flavor.

This variety gets its name from the 4 “wings” that run down the length of the pod. Winged beans can be left to mature or eaten as young tender pods. 

Mung Bean

Close-up of Mung Bean bushes in a sunny garden. The bushes have large, wide, heart-shaped dark green leaves and clusters of long thin pods covered with a green shell.Mung beans are a small Asian bean that is versatile and high in protein.

These popular beans are generally germinated in bulk and eaten as sprouts. However, you can plant and grow them just like any other bean. They are delicious when eaten fresh! Although they can also be left to dry and then used for sprouting. 

Dried Beans

These beans are an excellent choice if you’re looking for shelf life and storage ability. These beans are usually cooked in soups, stews, and other hearty dishes. Most of them, of course, can also be eaten fresh! But are usually grown for their properties as dried beans. 

California Blackeye #5

Close-up of many dry seeds of California Blackeye #5 beans on a white background. The seeds are small, oval in shape, beige in color with a characteristic black spot or California Blackeye #5 beans are a southern favorite with a creamy texture and mild flavor.

A home gardener favorite and Southern staple, the large, smooth seed of California Blackeye #5 Bush Cowpeas is well suited for drying. Although, the peas can also be eaten fresh, and the tender young pods can be eaten whole. 

Scarlet Emperor

Close-up of several dried Scarlet Emperor bean seeds and bean pods on a white background. The Scarlet Emperor bean is a shoot cultivar that produces large, dark red or burgundy dry seeds that are kidney-shaped and slightly flattened. They have a smooth, hard outer shell with an interesting pattern of purple streaks.Scarlet Emperor beans are pole beans with bright red flowers and a rich flavor.

This runner bean variety produces brilliant, rich-red flowers and is considered both ornamental and edible. The flowers of Scarlet Emperor Pole Runner Beans attract hummingbirds and other pollinators. Sweet tasty pods can be eaten fresh or left to dry. 

Arikara Yellow

Close-up of a woman's hand pouring dry Arikara Yellow bean seeds onto a dark brown table. The seeds are small, oval in shape, light beige in color with a characteristic brown-white eye on one side.Arikara Yellow beans are a drought-tolerant Native American heirloom bean with a buttery flavor.

These seeds were originally obtained from the Arikara tribe of North Dakota and then introduced commercially in 1914. They produce yellow-tan seeds with red-brown eye rings. They have good drought tolerance and are great for drying for long-term storage. 


Close-up of a heap of dry Calypso bean seeds. The seeds are small, oval in shape and slightly flattened. Seeds are white with black spots.Calypso beans are black and white beans with a creamy texture and nutty flavor.

This variety is also known as yin-yang and is originally from the Caribbean. This is one of the best beans for baking and soups. Seeds are round, black and white, and with a contrasting eye. 

Lina Sisco’s Bird Egg

Close-up of a bunch of dry Lina Sisco's Bird Egg bean seeds. The seeds are oval, small, reminiscent of bird eggs. They are creamy white in color with brown flecks and stripes, giving them a mottled appearance.Lina Sisco’s Bird Egg beans are an heirloom variety with a speckled appearance and a delicate flavor.

This family heirloom was brought to Missouri in a covered wagon in the 1880s. It produces large, tan beans with maroon markings and is primarily used as a dried bean. 

Painted Pony

Close-up of Painted Pony Dry Bean Seeds. Painted Pony beans produce dry seeds that are medium in size, oval in shape and slightly flattened. They are light brown in color with dark brown markings reminiscent of pony markings.Painted Pony beans are a colorful and versatile bean with a creamy texture.

This dual-purpose bean is both delicious when eaten as young tender pods and when left to mature and used as a dried bean. The beans are brown and white and retain their markings when cooked. 60 days for snap beans and 80 days for dry beans. Excellent for soups. 

Tiger’s Eye

Close-up of dry Tiger's Eye bean seeds on a white background. Tiger's eye beans produce medium to large dry seeds that are oval in shape and slightly flattened. The seeds are creamy beige with reddish brown streaks resembling tiger eye markings.Tiger’s Eye beans are a yellow and brown bean with a meaty texture and rich flavor.

Originally from Chile or Argentina, this variety is great for chili or refried beans. It produces tan beans with dark markings.

Henderson Bush

Green bean pod is growing on a branch in the garden. The plant is in the sunlight and the leaves around it are green.Henderson Bush beans are a classic green bean with a crisp texture and a sweet flavor.

Also known as Dwaf Sieva, this variety was introduced in 1889 by Peter Henderson Company in New York. These dwarf lima beans are hardy, productive, and disease resistant. The creamy white lima beans are perfect for canning or drying. 


White beans are sitting in a brown ceramic bowl on a wooden countertop.Sieva beans are a southern heirloom that is easy to grow and has a meaty texture.

Also called Small White or Carolina is a pole lima bean that has been popular for hundreds of years. Dark green 9’-10’ vines climb vigorously. They have a delicious butter bean flavor and can be dried for storage. 


Brown beans that are mixed in color with a light skin and darker colored spots all over the beans themselves. A black discolored bean sits in the center of the grouping.Agate beans are a maroon and white bean that is versatile and great for soups and stews.

This very rare soybean can be eaten both fresh as edamame or dried for storage. The pods contain small olive-green seeds with brown saddles. They were originally collected by the USDA in 1929 in Sapporo, Japan. 


Green beans that are exposed in their pods sitting on a white countertop.Fiskeby beans are a Swedish heirloom that is creamy and nutty in flavor.

Bred by the late Dr. Sven Holmberg in Friskeby, Sweden, this soybean is excellent eaten as edamame and can be enjoyed dried or fresh. This early maturing variety thrives in northern climates. 

Painted Lady Improved

Light tan beans are sitting on a white counter with black coloring mixed into the light tan outer shells. They are not yet cooked.Painted Lady Improved beans are a colorful bean that is great for salads and soups.

This pole bean produces beautiful bicolored blossoms that are very attractive to hummingbirds and moths. It is also known as Bicolor Runner and Painted Runner. It is less affected by warmer temperatures than other runner beans. 

Sunset Runner

LIght red beans with black spots and larger black coloring sections spread across the red outer layer. The beans are not yet cooked.Sunset Runner beans are a runner bean with orange flowers and a meaty texture.

One of the oldest runner beans in existence as it was already well-known in 1735 and listed in America as early as 1806. Small snap pods or green shell beans can substitute for lima beans in cooler climates. 

Bolita Beans

Light red bolitas have tan and red outer shells. They sit in a large pile and the image focuses on the shells up close.Bolita Beans are a small, oval-shaped bean that is great for chili and refried beans.

Bolitas are known for being sweeter, richer, and easier on the stomach than pinto beans. They were brought to Northern New Mexico and Colorado by the Spanish and adapted to high elevations. 

Good Mother Stallard

White and Red Good Mother Stallard legumes sitting in a pile the Legumes have dark brown shells with some white coloring on each of them.Good Mother Stallard beans are a large and meaty bean with a nutty flavor.

The Good Mother Stallard variety produces gorgeous maroon and white beans that are delicious in baked bean dishes. This heirloom has been growing for generations. 

Pinto Garden Bean

A closeup of a long red and white pod bean sitting on a wooden table. The bean is open, and seven beans are exposed in the pod. Two additional legumes sit outside the pod with red and white shells.This type of bean is a bush bean with a meaty texture and a mild flavor.

Pinto beans are perfect for frijoles, burritos, and refried beans. This bean is excellent for drying and long-term storage. The small tan beans are well-known and widely used in many Mexican dishes. 

Light Red Kidney Bean

Light red kidney beans sit in a pile on together. They are not yet cooked, and the image is a closeup that shows their standard color outer shells.These popular beans are light red kidney-shaped beans that have many uses.

Light Red Kidney Beans are highly recognizable on store shelves. They have a mild bean flavor and are perfect for chili, bean salads, and soups. 

Silver Cloud Cannellini

White beans sitting in a wooden bowl on a concrete table.Silver Cloud Cannellini beans are an Italian bean that is creamy and delicate in flavor.

An improved cannellini bean with a meaty texture and dense, nutty flavor. These cannellini beans make great shelling and cooking beans that can be dried for storage. 

Vermont Cranberry Bean

Close up of legumes that have a light pink and red outer shell. They somewhat resemble a cranberry, hence the name.Vermont Cranberry beans are cranberry-colored beans that are great for soups and stews.

Also known as Borlotti beans, Roman, and saluggia beans. Cranberry beans are small, round, and red like cranberries. This variety produces pods that are pinkish-red, reliable, hardy, and easy to shell. 

Kabouli Black

Dark hard black beans sitting in a wooden bowl against a white background. The legumes appear dry, and are not yet cooked.Kabouli Black beans are large and meaty beans with a nutty flavor.

This plant produces black garbanzo beans and is an ancient heirloom variety that has been passed down from generation to generation in its original homeland of Afghanistan. It starts well in cool weather, and production slows down in the heat. 


Bright red legumes close up are photographed close together. Many of them are split, and appear somewhat moist.Dainagon beans are a Japanese bean that is versatile and has a nutty flavor.

These adzuki beans are widely grown in Kyoto, Japan. This heirloom variety is used for desserts as red bean paste. To make the paste, the beans are boiled, mashed, and sweetened with sugar. They can also be dried and stored for future use. 

Lazy Housewife

White legumes rest on a large wooden spoon that sits on a wooden table. Unharvested green pods appear in the background.Lazy Housewife beans are a bush bean that is easy to grow and has a meaty texture.

This heirloom variety was first introduced in 1888 and is native to Pennsylvania. It produces 5” green pods with white beans inside. 

Great Northern

White beans pouring out of a glass container onto a white wooden table.Great Northern beans are a large white bean that is great for soups and stews.

This heirloom variety is perfect for drying. Plants produce flat 5” green pods that contain white beans. Semi-vining plants are more compact than other pole varieties that can take up quite a bit of space. 

Black Turtle

Black beans photographed close up together, sitting in a pile with a stainless steel scoop that controls them.Black Turtle beans are a small black bean that is high in protein and great for chili and salads.

These compact bush plants produce dark purple-black beans and are widely grown and used culinarily throughout Latin America. Due to the coloration, this variety contains a high concentration of anthocyanin too! 

Final Thoughts

Now that you know all the different types of beans you can plant this season, the next step is picking the ones you think will grow best in your region! Each of these beans is well suited for growing in the home garden, so find the one that suits your hardiness zone best and give them a try this season!

Leave a comment