If you don't have a water filter, your family's health can be at risk. Hence, installing the correct filtration system requires significant research.
Photos by: Stock Images
To survive and to carry out our daily tasks, water is essential. Although water has no taste or smell, it contains beneficial minerals that the body needs to function efficiently. Unclean water can cause diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, tuberculosis and polio in children. Before the water can be considered potable, it must be cleaned of dirt particles and other contaminants.
It has long been considered the best method to boil and cool the water to kill germs and eliminate microorganisms. Today a water filter cleans the water and retains essential minerals. There are several factors to consider before buying a water filter. Learn more about water filters and the methods of choosing the filter that best suits your needs.
How do water filters work?
Filters act as a physical barrier and prevent particles such as sand and occasionally microorganisms from escaping. The size of the holes in the filter barrier or membrane determines the water flow rate.
Types of filters
Here are the top 5 water filters currently available.
Reverse osmosis (RO)
One of the most efficient ways to remove fluoride and other toxic substances from water is to use activated carbon.
Reverse osmosis water filter is trendy right now for good reason: This type of filter offers an excellent price-performance ratio. Reverse osmosis technology filters are best at eliminating many pollutants, including potentially harmful microorganisms.
Activated carbon filter
This is the most common filter used to remove toxins from the water. Carbon bonds are chemically introduced into the system with the water to remove contaminants. This will remove chlorine, which will only improve the taste and smell of the water. On the other hand, it focuses on removing more dangerous pollutants like mercury and lead.
Ion exchange filter
An ion exchange filter is made of a material that can exchange one ion for another when water passes through it. For example, when sodium ions replace calcium or magnesium ions, the water becomes soft.
In most cases mechanical pre-filters are used. Waste material is trapped between nylon silk, synthetic foam, or pads in a mechanical filter.
Ultraviolet (UV) filter
UV filters are an environmentally friendly choice for water purification because they use different frequencies of ultraviolet light to remove contaminants.
Choosing the right filter
Here are a few facts to consider before making a purchase correct water filter.
Removal of impurities
To ensure that your water is safe, consider installing a water filtration system in your home. This is because many pollutants in the water delivered to your home can be harmful to your health.
Impure water can introduce bacteria, cysts, and other micro-parasites into your system. Another study found that drinking water can contain dangerous chemical contaminants linked to obesity, high cholesterol, and hormonal suppression. In addition, tap water can contain arsenic and lead, which have been linked to cancer.
For this reason, it is important that you have your water tested by a reputable laboratory to determine the types of toxins it contains, before deciding on a filter. Some filters can remove up to 60 pollutants, others only 25. Get a filter that removes more contaminants from your water.
Organic chemicals, chlorine, THMs and most parasites can be removed using activated carbon filters. However, in order to remove nitrate, arsenic and heavy metals from your water, you need to use UV or reverse osmosis filter systems.
When buying a water filter, most people don't worry too much about the filter's maximum daily filtration rate. However, a savvy buyer should be careful. The maximum filtration rate is the amount of filtered water that a filter can produce in 24 hours. Let's say your daily water usage exceeds the maximum amount of water your filter will produce. In that case, consider buying one Water filter system. The maximum filter performance of the filters available on the market varies greatly. Because of this, you need to choose one that is just a little larger than your needs.
When choosing a water filter, size is important. A large filter can last a long time and improve your water supply. However, the size of the port controls the pressure and flow rate, so be sure to check it carefully before using it.
Gallons per minute (GPM) is the unit of measure for water flow. Before buying a water filter, find out about the manufacturer's standards for water dispensers. Then, contact an expert who can help you calculate the correct flow rate for your household based on the size of your family, the number of devices, and the flow rate of each one.
Your water filter should be able to do more than just eliminate pollutants. Maintaining an optimal pH balance while maintaining natural minerals that are beneficial to your health is part of this process. If you are looking for water that is free of contaminants, reverse osmosis filters might be your best bet. As a lot of unwanted pollutants are removed, important minerals are also removed from the body. Natural minerals like calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron and fluoride are removed from the water. Insufficient intake of these minerals can lead to gastrointestinal complaints, problems with bone density, joint problems and cardiovascular diseases.
Installation and operating costs
If you are on a tight budget, you need to choose a water filter according to your budget. How many stages of water filtration are used and how quickly they remove contaminants are just some of the variables that affect filter costs. Likewise, a filter that contains a remineralization cartridge costs extra money.
In addition to the initial cost, a filter has an additional cost. Make sure you know how much it will cost to replace your cartridges. Calculate how much electricity your filter is using. Remember, filters can look expensive at first, but they can save you money in the long run.
NSF (National Sanitation Foundation) certification is required for every whole house filter purchased. In addition, NSF is authorized by the American National Requirements Institute (ANSI) to ensure that all of its water filtration solutions meet the highest standards.
Whole house filters use polypropylene cartridges that are designed for intensive use. NSF only certifies polypropylene that has been approved by the FDA. This implies that the filters are of higher quality and perform better.
If you don't have a water filter, your family's health is at risk. As a result, the installation requires extensive investigation. In addition, you might regret your decision in the future if you choose a water filter that is based solely on its ability to purify and disinfect your drinking water.