Did you know that settings like cutting down a tree or even expanding the property require approval from the relevant authorities? Yes, some types of renovations and constructions require greater attention in order to comply with legal requirements and consequently avoid fines or more serious disruptions. It should be remembered that legislation can vary from municipality to municipality. So it is very important that you check the rules that apply in your city.
This post will help clear your doubts and read home improvement tips that will show you what to look for before changing the look of your home. Go ahead with us and give it a try!
Pay attention to the building permit
Contrary to what many people think, the reform also requires approval. If the owner wants to build a bathroom, expand a room, add a small house in the background, or make other changes to the original plan of the property, then the approval of the town hall – the building permit – must be obtained. The purpose of this permit is to let the government know what is being built so they can regulate and inspect the work. This avoids problems like self-construction (works without the assistance of a trained professional) that can cause problems for the entire neighborhood.
If the owner decides to renovate, the first step is to seek advice from an architect or civil engineer so that this professional can prepare a project that complies with the zoning rules. This is because the reform can only be initiated after the license has been granted.
Be careful with the oppression of the built-up area
It is worth remembering that the suppression of the built-up area is also to be understood as reform and must be followed with the same care and procedure as if it were reform for expansion. In this case, the town hall must be informed and, if approved, will issue a demolition permit later. It is important to note that in both cases – construction and demolition – the document issued by the town hall must be registered with the land registry in addition to the registration of the property in question, along with the certificate to be issued by the INSS.
CHECK IF THE IPTU IS INCREASED
If the reform implies changes in the built-up area, there is a possibility that this will affect the value of IPTU. The land and urban area tax is formulated according to a value map, a multi-variable document that must be approved by the city council in order to incorporate the tax calculation. Therefore, the variables that affect your IPTU are provided by law and can be viewed in the city's legislation. In Belo Horizonte, the reforms that determine the ranking of changes in the value of the contribution are the construction of covered areas and changes in the finishing pattern (especially in the case of condominiums). The new hiring of the IPTU can be calculated and predicted from the new project that was presented to the town hall.
KEEP AN EYE ON THE LARGE TREES
In any municipality in Brazil, both pruning and felling of large trees in private or public settings are only considered legal if they are approved by the town hall or other competent authority. The rules vary depending on whether the tree is inside or outside the property. We will see:
MAINTENANCE OF THE TREE IN THE PROPERTY
Removing or pruning any tree, which in most cases will be planted within the property, is the responsibility of the owner. However, it is still necessary to make a request to the town hall, which in turn will dispatch engineers who will be able to verify the feasibility of the process. Therefore, based on the technician report, the city may or may not approve the request. If approved, the government will issue a letter giving the owner the right to remove the tree.
CUTTING AND CUTTING THE TREE OUTSIDE THE PROPERTY
If the tree is outside the property, removal or pruning is the responsibility of the town hall – as the plant is in a public space. So if a tree needs to be pruned or removed in public space, an order must be placed with the town hall, which also sends an engineer to check the necessity. In addition, the city may or may not charge a fee depending on the reason for the request: security or maintenance cases generally do not cost money, but other cases may result in payment of a set amount.
LEARN HOW TO DO SIDEWALK RENOVATIONS
In order to lower the guide or even change the sidewalk floor, there are a few rules that need to be followed.
CHANGING THE SIDE PANEL FLOOR
Generally speaking, changing the sidewalk does not require City Hall approval. However, it is necessary to consider what requirements your city hall has in terms of the way in which the sidewalk or sidewalk should be carried out. The law states that the owner is responsible for renovating or maintaining the sidewalk in front of the house. Therefore, in order to renovate the sidewalk, it is necessary to consult the safety rules of the municipality, as well as the materials used.
SIDE WALK GUIDE REDUCTION
The demotion of a leader requires the approval of the town hall. Therefore, a specialist is usually sent to the construction site to check whether it is possible to lower the guide. If the community approves the proposal, it will issue a guide approving the downgrade. This is usually done by the municipality itself by charging the amount of the costs.
Notify the superintendent of home renovations
According to standard 16.280 of the Brazilian Association of Standards and Techniques (ABNT), the resident who wishes to make changes to the building – including those made in their unit – must first inform the owner of the condominium. If the owner or resident wants to carry out a renovation of their residential unit, they must provide the supervisor with:
ART (Annotation of Technical Responsibility) or RRT (Registration of Technical Responsibility) signed by the architect or engineer who is designated and responsible for the renovation before the start of the work. This avoids carrying out work without the assistance of a professional, as the liquidator is responsible for collecting and keeping all these documents, as well as ensuring that what was previously agreed in the project is what is actually being built. With all of these tips, it certainly became clearer that reform, as simple as it may seem, requires some diligence in order to stay in the law and avoid headaches in the future.
Did you like our text? Are you looking for tips for remodeling your home? So be sure to check out another article from us where we talked about which professionals to hire for home renovation.