The heat pump is a thermodynamic device that recovers the heat contained in the air, soil or water. At the same time, it recovers the elements that are present in nature in order to transfer them by converting a refrigerant. Installing a heat pump in a house sometimes produces hot water to heat the entire house. The switchable heat pump is used for both heating and cooling, in addition to the heat in winter, which also generates cold in summer.
The air-water heat pump recovers the calories in the air and converts them into heat to produce hot water, which is then distributed in your heating system.
Types of heat pumps
- According to their energy source (soil, water or air) and their exchange system (water or air).
- Depending on the area of application (heating and / or process water).
Both types of heat pumps can work conventionally or can be combined with other energy sources or systems. They give off the heat to the water in your heating system or as hot air.
The main function of the air-water heat pump
The air-water heat pump extracts calories from the outside air, but uses water to transport heat. Most models stop working as soon as the temperature drops below -5 ° C, which in some regions requires additional heating. However, home heating in Bend Oregon requires models that can operate down to -5 ° C to -10 ° C. The more electricity that is used to heat your system's heating water, the lower the efficiency of your air-to-water heat pump in Bend Oregon weather and it uses more energy.
Converting air calories into heat
The air-water heat pump is an air heating system that uses the calories from the outside air to bring it back into the heating water. This conversion is made possible by using the gas refrigerant. The refrigerant successively bypasses the liquid to the gaseous state and transfers the energy contained in the outside air to the water in the central heating system. This transformation consists of four phases:
- The liquid refrigerant recovers calories from the outside air. The liquid then turns into gas and evaporates.
- The compressor, which is driven by an electric motor, draws in and compresses the refrigerant. At the end of this phase, the gaseous liquid is hot and under high pressure.
- The condensation of the refrigerant, then in the state of high pressure steam, enables the heat to be transferred to the heating water. The gas returns to the liquid state.
- The expansion valve lowers the pressure of the refrigerant and prepares the liquid fluid before the evaporation phase.
The four main components of the air-water heat pump
- The evaporator that converts the refrigerant into steam.
- The compressor increases the pressure and heat of the gas.
- The condenser with which the refrigerant can return the heat to the heating water.
- The regulator lowers the pressure and temperature of the gas.
Check out the collection of the cheapest, most practical, and most energy-efficient Oregon heating pump manifolds and Oregon heat pump manifolds on the Green Savers website.